COVID- 19

Although COVID-19 can be considered both an infectious disease and a respiratory disease, we recognize that many people are interested in all research pertaining to the global pandemic declared on March 11th, 2020 by the World Health Organization (WHO). The content below is the collective contributions of research, projects, and media from the teams of scientists at the CHEO Research Institute.

Related News

Research Projects

  1. Evaluating the utility of synthetic COVID-19 case data

    01/03/2021

    A privacy risk assessment on the synthetic data showed that the attribute and membership disclosure risks were low.

  2. SARS-CoV2 Infection in Children with Liver Transplant and Native Liver Disease: An International Observational Registry Study

    16/02/2021

    Future controlled studies are needed to evaluate effective treatments and further stratify LD and LT patients with SARS-CoV2 infection.

  3. Catching a resurgence: Increase in SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA identified in wastewater 48 hours before COVID-19 clinical tests and 96 hours before hospitalizations

    22/01/2021

    Wastewater-based COVID-19 epidemiology programs have been initiated in many countries to provide public health agencies with a complementary disease tracking metric and non-discriminating surveillance tool.

  4. Regional differences in access to the outdoors and outdoor play of Canadian children and youth during the COVID-19 outbreak

    18/12/2020

    It is unsurprising that in the provinces that have had the highest number of COVID-19 cases, there have been the most stringent restrictions on access to the outdoors. It is also unsurprising that these same provinces have had the greatest decline in time spent outdoors and in outdoor play among children and youth.

  5. Evaluating Identity Disclosure Risk in Fully Synthetic Health Data: Model Development and Validation

    11/11/2020

    We have presented a comprehensive identity disclosure risk model for fully synthetic data. The results for this synthesis method on 2 datasets demonstrate that synthesis can reduce meaningful identity disclosure risks considerably. The risk model can be applied in the future to evaluate the privacy of fully synthetic data.

  6. SARS-CoV-2 Protein in Wastewater Mirrors COVID-19 Prevalence

    01/09/2020

    Here, we demonstrate the presence of SARS-CoV-2 structural proteins in wastewater using traditional immunoblotting and quantitate them from wastewater solids using an immuno-linked PCR method called Multiplex Paired-antibody Amplified Detection (MPAD). In this longitudinal study, we corrected for stochastic variability inherent to wastewater-based epidemiology using multiple fecal content protein biomarkers.

  7. Healthy movement behaviours in children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic: Exploring the role of the neighbourhood environment

    01/09/2020

    This paper explores patterns of increased/ decreased physical activity, sedentary and sleep behaviours among Canadian children and youth aged 5-17 years during the COVID-19 pandemic, and examines how these changes are associated with the built environment near residential locations.

  8. Quantitative analysis of SARS-CoV-2 RNA from wastewater solids in communities with low COVID-19 incidence and prevalence

    19/08/2020

    Can we find COVID-19 markers in the wastewater that will help predict outbreaks?

  9. Decontamination Interventions for the Reuse of Surgical Mask Personal Protective Equipment: A Systematic Review

    10/08/2020

    There is limited evidence on the safety or efficacy of surgical mask decontamination. Given the heterogeneous methods used in studies to date, we are unable to draw conclusions on the most efficacious and safe intervention for decontaminating surgical masks.

  10. Decontaminating N95 and SN95 masks with Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) does not impair mask efficacy and safety: A Systematic Review

    17/07/2020

    In conclusion, the function of N95 masks, based on aerosol penetration and airflow filtration, is maintained following a single cycle of UVGI. Decontamination using UV light in the laboratory setting suggests that this can be a successful method of removing infectious pathogens from FFRs. Future studies should use a cumulative UV-C dose of 40,000 J/m2 and focus on validating the effectiveness of UVGI decontamination in the real-world setting, and on determining the impact of UVGI on mask fit as well as the maximum number of UVGI cycles that can be safely applied to an N95 FFR.

  11. Canadian children’s and youth’s adherence to the 24-h movement guidelines during the COVID-19 pandemic: A decision tree analysis

    08/07/2020

    Our results show that specific characteristics interact to contribute to (non)adherence to the movement behavior recommendations. Results highlight the importance of targeting parents’ perceived capability for the promotion of children's and youth's movement behaviors during challenging times of the COVID-19 pandemic, paying particular attention to enhancing parental perceived capability to restrict screen time.

  12. Impact of the COVID-19 virus outbreak on movement and play behaviours of Canadian children and youth: a national survey

    06/07/2020

    This study provides evidence of immediate collateral consequences of the COVID-19 outbreak, demonstrating an adverse impact on the movement and play behaviours of Canadian children and youth. These findings can guide efforts to preserve and promote child health during the COVID-19 outbreak and crisis recovery period, and to inform strategies to mitigate potential harm during future pandemics.

  13. Seeking Normalcy as the Curve Flattens: Ethical Considerations for Pediatricians Managing Collateral Damage of Coronavirus Disease-2019

    26/06/2020

    Children have encountered and will continue to encounter unique challenges as the COVID-19 pandemic continues. We cannot ignore discrepancies in social determinants of health. Keeping families and communities safe and our patients healthy is no small task. But we have an opportunity, if we pay close attention to the vulnerabilities exposed by this pandemic, to make conditions better for children than before the pandemic began.

  14. New Data regarding decreased physical activity during the Global Pandemic

    01/06/2020

    The time spent in places associated with physical activity such as parks, beaches, and community gardens was down by 31%, and travel by public transport, which is also associated with physical activity, was down by 59%.

  15. Paediatric ethical issues during the COVID‐19 pandemic are not just about ventilator triage

    01/05/2020

    the COVID‐19 pandemic is creating many ethical challenges. One of the most difficult is for ethicists to focus on the issues that are likely to have the greatest impact. Ventilator allocation in a crisis situation is a deeply tragic choice that requires careful balancing of a number of values

  16. Efficacy and Safety of Disinfectants for Decontamination of N95 and SN95 Filtering Facepiece Respirators: A Systematic Review

    18/04/2020

    Aim:The objective of this review was to synthesize existing data on the effectiveness and safety of using disinfectants to decontaminate N95 FFR.

  17. Decontaminating N95 masks with Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) does not impair mask efficacy and safety: A Systematic Review

    10/04/2020

    Microwave irradiation and heat provides safe and effective decontamination options for N95 FFR reuse during critical shortages. However, autoclaving masks is not recommended by the evidence in this review. Any mask disinfected using these methods should be inspected for physical degradation before reuse.

  18. Researching COVID-19 Community Markers in Wastewater

    This is an active study.

  19. Natural Evolution of Serum Antibodies in Children and Adults with SARS-CoV-2 and Household Contacts.

    ACTIVE STUDY - The study will include children and adults with known COVID-19 to test households for antibodies. Results from this study will be essential to inform key decisions regarding the relaxation of physical distancing rules that impact children and their families.

Researchers

  1. Tommy Michel Alain

    Scientist, CHEO Research Institute

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  2. Maala Bhatt

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  3. Melanie Buba

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  4. Dina El Demellawy

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  5. Khaled El Emam

    Senior Scientist, CHEO Research Institute Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa

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  6. Mohit Kehar

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  7. Alex MacKenzie

    Senior Scientist, CHEO Research Institute

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  8. Dayre McNally

    Scientist, CHEO Research Institute

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  9. Gregory Moore

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  10. Katie O’Hearn

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  11. Mark S. Tremblay

    Senior Scientist and Director, Healthy Active Living and Obesity, CHEO Research Institute

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  12. Sandy Tse

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  13. Richard Webster

    Investigator, CHEO Research Institute

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  14. Roger Zemek

    Senior Scientist, CHEO Research Institute

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