Objective: Oocyte donation (OD) is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension, but the evidence of an association between OD and infant outcomes, including birth weight and gestational age, is conflicting. This study sought to determine the associations between oocyte donation and birth weight or gestational age compared with other forms of autologous oocyte assisted reproductive technology (ART).
Methods: Medline, Embase, and the CENTRAL Trials Registry of the Cochrane Collaboration were searched using a comprehensive search strategy. Studies of women over 24 weeks gestation compared infant outcomes among OD pregnancies versus other ART. Study quality was assessed, and a meta-analysis of mean birth weight and gestational age was conducted using a random effects model.
Results: Nineteen studies were included. Four studies showed a significant association between OD and lower birth weights, and five studies found significant differences in gestational age between OD and autologous oocyte ART. The pooled difference in birth weight means between OD and autologous ART was -42 (-88, 4) . The pooled difference in gestational age was -0.4 weeks (-0.8, 0.0 weeks).
Conclusion: A high degree of interstudy heterogeneity exists, and the association between OD and infant outcomes remains unclear.
Investigator, CHEO Research Institute