Individuals with type 2 diabetes should engage in ≥150 min of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) weekly, but most do not meet this guideline. Understanding how social determinants correlate with physical activity in adults with type 2 diabetes may improve development and delivery of physical activity interventions. This study aimed to explore associations between objectively measured MVPA with sociodemographic characteristics in adults with type 2 diabetes.
Cross-sectional data from cycles 1 through 5 of the Canadian Health Measures Survey were analyzed. Participants (N=876) 20 to 79 years of age with type 2 diabetes and ≥4 days of valid activity monitor wear were included. Proportions with 95% confidence intervals for objectively measured MVPA were compared according to sociodemographic characteristics. Ordinal logistic regression was used. Secondary outcomes included light-intensity physical activity, screen time and proportion of activity monitor wear time spent sedentary.
Only 15.5% of women and 26.2% of men met Diabetes Canada physical activity guidelines, and approximately 75% of activity monitor wear time was spent in a sedentary state. Higher odds of achieving low levels of physical activity were observed among women who were former or current smokers (odds ratio [OR], 4.51; p<0.001), and among men who were ≥65 years of age (OR, 2.92; p<0.001), of middle (OR, 2.20; p<0.05) and lowest (OR, 3.06; p<0.05) income tertiles and current or former smokers (OR, 3.01; p<0.05).
Senior Scientist, CHEO Research Institute