Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is histologically defined as the presence of 15 or more intraepithelial eosinophils per high-power fields. Limited consensus exists on where to sample the esophagus in pediatrics. This study aimed to identify whether endoscopic and histologic examination of the mid esophagus offers diagnostic value compared to proximal/distal esophageal biopsies.
A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients with EoE was performed. Endoscopic and histologic parameters were assessed at the initial and follow-up visits, and concordance between proximal/distal biopsy and mid biopsy was determined.
A total of 100 patients with a mean age of 9.6 ± 4.07 years were included. Endoscopic parameters between proximal/distal and mid esophagus were concordant in 84% to 97% of patients (initial assessment) and in 80% to 97% of patients (at follow-up). Mid esophagus showed endoscopic abnormalities, which were absent at the proximal/distal esophagus in 1% to 5% of patients, as well as histologic abnormalities in 2% to 8% of patients overall at initial and follow-up examinations.
We recommend continued endoscopic and histologic assessment of the proximal/distal biopsy; however, examination of the mid esophagus does offer small diagnostic value in our subset of patients. Future studies need to be conducted before conclusive recommendations supporting the use of mid-esophageal biopsies can be made.
Dina El Demellawy
Investigator, CHEO Research Institute