We describe the proportion of children with compensated cirrhosis who develop decompensation in Ontario, Canada over the past two decades.
This is a retrospective population-based cohort study using routinely collected healthcare data from Ontario, Canada held at ICES during 1997–2017. Diagnosis of cirrhosis was made using validated ICES definition, and decompensation events were defined according to validated coding. Rates of decompensation, type of decompensation, and incidence of liver transplantation after decompensation were analyzed. Databases were linked at the individual level and analyzed at ICES-Queen’s.
A total of n = 2,755 children with compensated cirrhosis were included and 9% (n = 253) developed decompensation over a median follow-up of 7 years. Children most likely to suffer decompensation were younger (median age 10 years versus 4 years, p < 0.001) and female (45% versus 52%, p = 0.03). Ascites (n = 137/253, 54%) was the most frequent complication. 199/2755 (7%) of children with cirrhosis received liver transplantation, of which 128/199 (64%) occurred after a decompensation event. Overall, a total of 132 (4.7%) deaths occurred during the study period, with 55 deaths following a decompensating event.
Area of Research: Hepatology
Investigator, CHEO Research Institute