Purpose: The presentation and underlying etiology of Cerebral Palsy (CP) in general are heterogenous. Clinical features present differently in pediatric versus adult patient populations. Many metabolic and genetic conditions present with clinical symptoms suggestive of CP. Precision medicine practices are currently a standard of care, and Next-Generation-Sequencing (NGS) tools are used for the purpose of diagnosis and management. We describe the diagnostic yield and impact on management of NGS comparing a cohort of 102 children and 37 adults with CP, referred to two tertiary care centres between 2015 and 2020 (adult cohort) and 2017–2020 (pediatric cohort) respectively.
Principal results: In the adult cohort, 28 patients had a positive genetic diagnosis, giving a yield of 75.6%. Their age varied between 18 and 59 years, with a median of 28 years. Out of the positive diagnoses, 12 were consistent with an inborn error of metabolism and in 9 patients (32.1%) some form of treatment or management guideline was recommended. In the pediatric cohort 21 patients had a positive genetic diagnosis and 22 results are still pending, giving a yield of 32.8%. Age at diagnosis ranged between 18 months and 12 years. In 15 patients (71.4%) there was some form of management recommendation. All families benefited from genetic counseling.
Investigator, CHEO Research Institute