Previous studies in singleton pregnancies reported conflicting trends in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values with gestational age (GA) and stable relative ADC (rADC; ADC placenta divided by ADC globe) throughout pregnancy. The purpose of our study was to compare the ADC and rADC of placentas of twin and singleton pregnancies.
Materials and Methods: Fetal MRI of 11 twin and 23 singleton pregnancies were retrospectively analyzed. Each group was further divided by GA (≤24 and >24 weeks). On ADC, 3 regions of interest were selected in the placenta and 1 in the globe. ADC and rADC measurements were compared between different GA and between singleton and twin placentas.
Results: No significant difference was shown between ADC and rADC values of singleton and twin placentas as well as between ADC and rADC values of singleton and twin placentas at different GA. No significant difference was shown when accounting for both GA and number of fetuses.
Conclusion: The diffusion characteristics of twin placentas are similar to those of singleton placentas. ADC and rADC remain stable throughout pregnancy in twin and singleton placentas, reflecting stable extracellular water diffusion, despite changes associated with placental maturation.
Investigator, CHEO Research Institute